Skull fractures can sometimes occur if you suffer from a particularly strong or brutal blow to the head. Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) may also result from these fractures, among other head and brain-related problems.
If left untreated, they can create many complications that may last a lifetime. Thus, quick identification of skull fractures is crucial for optimum management of the injury.
Visible physical signs
Merck Manual takes a look at how skull fractures manifest. Skull fractures often appear even to outside observers due to the involvement of blood. This is due to the blood’s tendency to pool in “hollow” spaces, such as around the eyes and behind the ears. You will likely notice bruising in these areas as blood settles there.
You may even see blood leaking from the ears, as blood tends to build behind the eardrums and can leak through if the eardrum suffers from a rupture. You could see the clear fluid as well, which is the cerebrospinal fluid that surrounds the brain. This may leak through the nose or ears.
Neurological red flags
Victims may also experience neurological symptoms like migraines, increased or prolonged sleepiness and confusion, the inability to recognize people or surroundings, and trouble moving some or all limbs. This often comes along with seizures, repeated vomiting, loss of coordination and balance, and trouble with speech or hearing. A victim may also lose consciousness or coherency depending on whether or not blood or oxygen supplies end up cut off.
If you notice any of these potential issues surfacing, then it is crucial to contact medical help as soon as possible. The faster a victim gets help, the less likely the chances of a skull fracture causing permanent damage.